Hydrogen and fuel cell technology in EU LDV transport: Potential contribution to environmental goals

Anders Chr. Hansen

Abstract



Hydrogen in fuel cell (HFC) technology offers a fuel and powertrain solution for a.o. Light Duty Vehicles (LDVs) that is free of tail pipe emissions. This analysis aims at quantifying the potential contribution of this technology to the reduction of air pollution from the European LDV stock. The study shows that HFC technology can contribute to a reduction of local pollutants, but in a very modest scale compared to other measures adopted in European air pollution abatement policy. It also shows that green house gas (GHG) emissions from LDV transport can be reduced to a modest degree even if the hydrogen is produced from natural gas. HFC can, however, contribute to a considerable reduction of GHG emissions to the extent it is based on carbon free energy sources (“2nd generation hydrogen”). The results are obtained using the Sustainable Mobility Project (SMP) Model.

Keywords


Emissions, Air pollutants, Light duty vehicle (LDV) transport in Europe, Scenario analysis, Hydrogen, Fuel cells, Energy economics, Environmental economics

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